64th ISI World Statistics Congress - Ottawa, Canada

64th ISI World Statistics Congress - Ottawa, Canada

Does energy access affect poor household food security in Indonesia? An instrumental variable approach


Ms Ratna Rizki Amalia


  • R
    Rusan Nasrudin


64th ISI World Statistics Congress - Ottawa, Canada

Format: CPS Abstract


Given the limited research on the relationship between access to clean energy and food security, this study investigates the impact of clean energy access on poor household food security. We use the household data in Indonesia from 2018-2020. The study uses instrumental variable methods to overcome the endogeneity problem of access to clean energy by instrumenting access to clean energy with historical distance variables (old postal highway and old port in 1934). The results show that the program has led to a significant improvement in food security. Poor households with clean energy access have food security 14.46% higher than the poor household without clean energy access. Compared with rural households, access to clean energy for poor households in urban areas has a more significant impact on the household food security level. This finding implies that the government must continue to expand the availability of access to cleaning energy for the poor to promote and expand the use of clean energy for the poor and increase the food security of low-income families.